Download e-book for iPad: A Grammar of Madurese (Mouton Grammar Library 50) by William D. Davies

By William D. Davies

ISBN-10: 3110224437

ISBN-13: 9783110224436

Madurese is an immense neighborhood language of Indonesia, with a few 14 million audio system, more often than not at the island of Madura and adjoining components of Java, making it the fourth greatest language of Indonesia after Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese. there isn't any latest accomplished descriptive grammar of the language, with current experiences being both sketches of the complete grammar, or distinctive descriptions of phonology and morphology or a few specific themes inside those parts of the grammar. there is not any competing paintings that gives the breadth and intensity of assurance of this grammar, particularly (though now not completely) with reference to syntax.

Show description

Read or Download A Grammar of Madurese (Mouton Grammar Library 50) PDF

Best linguistics books

The Routledge Encyclopedia of the Chinese Language by PDF

Contributor notice: Assisted through James Minett and Florence Li Wing Yee

The Routledge Encyclopedia of the chinese will really meet the educational, linguistic and pedagogical wishes of these who're drawn to the chinese in numerous capacities and for various purposes, reminiscent of Sinologists, chinese language linguists, and lecturers and inexperienced persons of chinese language as a moment language.

The Encyclopedia contains examine at the altering panorama of the chinese through sixty six eminent lecturers within the box; from examine on oracle bone and bronze inscriptions, to chinese acquisition, to the language of the mass media. This reference may be the freshest and authorative out there; it is going to provide an a consultant to shifts through the years in pondering the chinese in addition to offering an summary of up to date topics, debates and study interests.

The editors and members are assisted through a piece of writing board made out of the simplest and such a lot skilled sinologists world-wide. The reference comprises an advent, written via the editor, which areas the assembled texts of their old and highbrow context.

The Routledge Encyclopedia of the chinese is destined to be valued by way of students and scholars as an important examine source.

Get Creativity and Artificial Intelligence: A Conceptual PDF

With CD-ROM. Creativity and synthetic Intelligence: A Conceptual mixing procedure takes readers right into a computationally believable version of creativity. encouraged by means of a radical research of labor on creativity from the parts of philosophy, psychology, cognitive technology, cognitive linguistics and synthetic intelligence, the writer bargains with a number of the methods, rules and representations that lie beneath the act of creativity.

Grammaire berbere: Rifain, tamazight, chleuh, kabyle by Michel Quitout PDF

Au second où l'on assiste à une évolution brilliant du discours officiel dans les deux principaux can pay berbérophones, I'Algérie et le Maroc, au sujet du statut de los angeles langue berbère et de son enseignement, et d'une manière générale, au sujet de l. a. tradition amazigh, cet ouvrage arrive à propos. L'auteur se suggest de donner de sa langue plusieurs fois millénaire, une description rationnelle qui permet non seulement de saisir ses constructions fondamentales, mais aussi de connaître les règle précises de sa transcription correcte.

Extra resources for A Grammar of Madurese (Mouton Grammar Library 50)

Example text

1. Aspiration is discussed in section 6. 16 Chapter 2 Phonology /ɲ/ voiced palatal nasal [ɲ] in syllable-initial position, does not occur in syllable-final position (except geminates) [ɲaman] ‘delicious’ [taɲa] ‘ask’ // voiced velar nasal [] in syllable-initial and syllable-final position [ara] ‘possible’ [aɛs] ‘cry’ [sənnə] ‘happy’ [sɛkɔ] ‘I’ /s/ voiceless alveolar fricative [s] in syllable-initial and syllable-final position [sakɛ] ‘sick’ [sampɛ] ‘until’ [alas] ‘forest’ [maskɛ] ‘although’ /r/ voiced alveolar trill [r] in syllable-initial and syllable-final position [raɤ] ‘large’ [sɔra] ‘letter’ [kapɤr] ‘news’ [kəras] ‘paper’ /l/ voiced alveolar lateral approximant [l] in syllable-initial and syllable-final position [lɛɛr] ‘neck’ [alas] ‘forest’ [bɤnal] ‘pillow’ [unɛl] ‘skilled’ The glides [j] and [w] have a special status.

Oka et al. 1988/89, and at others as a slightly raised ɛ [ɛ], or ɔ, [ɔ] (Stevens 1968). Potential examples include: (35) [sɛ] ~ [sɛ] ~ [se] ‘relative particle’ [rɛja] ~ [rɛja] ~ [reja] ‘that’ [pɔlɛ] ~ [pɔlɛ] ~ [pole] ‘again’ [ratɔ] ~ [ratɔ] ~ [rato] ‘king’ Again, there is a great deal of speaker variation. Acoustic analysis does not confirm a reliable difference in open and closed syllables. 23 Cohn and Lockwood (1994) report a different tense/lax alternation involving [ɛ]/[e] and [ɔ]/[o].

At the same time, the difference in the vowel space that they report for [ə] and [ɨ] is much less dramatic than the differences for the other pairs, and indeed there was some overlap in their distribution. The space occupied by each of the vowels in the other pairs was essentially completely distinct from its partner. Cohn & Lockwood found little difference in the average F2s of the pair of vowels but found the difference between the average F1s to be comparable for [i]/[ɛ], [u]/[ɔ] and [ɨ]/[ə] (the difference in the F1 averages for [ɤ]/[a] were dramatically higher).

Download PDF sample

A Grammar of Madurese (Mouton Grammar Library 50) by William D. Davies

by Michael

Rated 4.53 of 5 – based on 42 votes